The lack of skilled IT workers is hurting the deployment of emerging technology, according to a new survey from Gartner. In areas from cloud to cybersecurity, this crisis is expected to last for years to come.
It's an intriguing question, and with technology companies opening offices all around the world, tech workers have good opportunities to find employment in more places than ever before.
So if you're a young (or old) tech professional eager to move to a new city, where should you move?
A new report from RS, an Australia-based distributor of electronics, automation and control, and other products, attempted to answer that question by analyzing 90 different cities around the world.
The researchers analyzed 10 different characteristics likely to be of importance to IT professionals: average tech salary, quality of life, property affordability, gender pay gap in tech, commute time, electric car charging points, fixed broadband speed, mobile speed, cybersecurity commitment and ICT development. The company assigned each city a score based on each category, and then ranked them.
The results might surprise you.
The fastest broadband speeds were in Lyon, France, while the worst were in Santiago, Chile. But for mobile speeds, Oslo, Norway, topped the list, while Prague in the Czech Republic came in last.
Tech workers always want to know where they will earn the most money, and, no surprise, San Francisco ranked number one, while last place went to Buenos Aires, Argentina. Of course, a great salary seems less great if you can't buy much with it, making housing prices a key consideration.
The top spot for property affordability went to Detroit. San Francisco was down in 54th, and Hong Kong scored worst (although data wasn't available for quite a few cities). For quality of life, Vienna, Austria, got the best score, and Wroclaw, Poland, ranked last.
RS also averaged the scores into an index that ranks the cities based on their overall attractiveness to tech workers. Here are the top ten based on those overall scores.
Overall, Amsterdam, Netherlands, ranked highest in the RS study with a score of 7.22. It scored well for electric car charging points (9.63), ICT development (9.09) and quality of life (8.89). Its only low score was for broadband speed (1.78). However, its tech pay was also not very impressive, coming in 40th out of the 90 cities analyzed. Major employers include ING, Philips and Heineken.
Somewhat surprisingly, the top-ranked U.S. city on the list isn't one of the well-known tech hubs. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, scored 7.19 for second place. It scored highly for cybersecurity commitment (9.9), gender pay gap in tech (9.9) and property affordability (9.47), and among all 90 cities studied, it was 13th highest for tech pay. It didn't have any category scores below a four, but its two lowest categories were mobile speed (4.41) and commute time (4.66).
The largest employers in Philly include the University of Pennsylvania, Comcast, Thomas Jefferson University, Temple University, Trinity Health, Merck, Drexel University and the Vanguard Group.
Oslo, Norway, scored 7.06, good enough for third place on the list. It received its highest marks for mobile speed (10) and ICT development (9.04). For tech pay, it ranked 21st out of the 90 cities examined. Its lowest-ranked category was broadband speed (3.92), and it earned a lot of sevens across the board. Bear in mind, winters in Oslo are quite cold with average highs of 27 degrees. Major employers in the city include Aker, Norsk Hydro and Orkla.
Geneva, place fourth on the list with a score of 6.97. It scored well for ICT development (9.72), commute times (9.66) and quality of life (9.29), and among all the cities surveyed, it was ninth highest for tech pay. It scored low for electric car charging points (0.65), but otherwise scored mostly sixes and sevens. Major employers in the area include Patek Philippe, Rolex and SGS.
With a ranking of 6.96, Zurich, Switzerland, placed fifth on the list. It received an exceptional score for quality of life (9.9), which isn't surprising, given that it has featured prominently on several lists of the best places in the world to live. It also scored well for ICT development (9.72) and tech pay (9.03), and it was second overall for tech pay (behind San Francisco). By contrast, it received a very low score for electric car charging points (0.65). Overall, it received a lot of sixes and sevens.
It should be noted that the cost of living is very high. Large employers in the area include ABB, Migros, Barry Callebaut, Zurich Insurance and the local airport. Many financial services and multinational corporations also have facilities in the city.
Seattle makes a lot of the top 10 lists for places to work in tech, and this one is no exception. It achieved a 6.94 score, putting it in sixth place. Seattle scored exceptionally well for cybersecurity commitment (9.9), gender pay gap (9.9), property affordability (9.02) and average tech salary (8.81), and overall, it ranked third for tech pay. However, it received low marks for electric car charging points (1.96), and its mobile speed earned only a 4.41 score. And then there's the rain. It gets 37 inches of precipitation per year with 147 days of rain.
Top employers include Microsoft, Amazon, Boeing, the University of Washington and Joint Base Lewis-McChord.
In seventh place, Berlin, Germany achieved an average score of 6.89. It scored well for ICT development (8.83), quality of life (8.79), and electric car charging points (8.23). It didn't have particularly low scores in any of the categories, but its worst ratings were for mobile speed (4.22) and gender pay gap (4.66). It was also lower on the list for tech pay at 29th.
Major employers in the area include Deutsche Bahn, Siemens, Daimler, Deutsche Telekom, Zalando and several regional healthcare providers.
Eighth place went to St. Louis, Missouri, with a score of 6.88. Like Minneapolis and Dallas, St. Louis got high marks for cybersecurity commitment (9.9), gender pay gap in tech (9.9), property affordability (9.74) and ICT development (8.3). It also has fast broadband (8.76) and good commute times (8.46). It was 22nd overall for tech pay. Less appealing are its electric car charging points (0.3) and quality of life (3.03).
Leading employers include Anheuser-Busch, BJC Healthcare, Boeing, Mercy Healthcare, Panera Bread, Schnucks Markets and Scott Air Force Base.
Dallas, Texas, achieved an indexed score of 6.86 on the RS list, good enough for ninth place. Like Minneapolis, it scored highly for cybersecurity commitment (9.9), gender pay gap in tech (9.9), property affordability (9.65) and ICT development (8.3). It was 16th overall for tech pay. It ranked poorly in fixed broadband speed (2.71) and quality of life (3.84). That quality of life score might again be due in part to the weather, as the average high temperature in the summer is in the high 90s, with an average morning humidity of 82%.
Major employers in Dallas and Ft. Worth include the local airport, Lockheed Martin, Parkland Hospital System and Texas Instruments.
Minneapolis, Minnesota, ranked 10th on the list with an overall indexed score of 6.82. It earned kudos for its cybersecurity commitment (9.9), gender pay gap in tech (9.9), property affordability (9.53) and ICT development (8.3). It was 18th overall on the list of cities with the highest tech pay. However, it did less well in regards to electric car charging points (0.82), quality of life (3.94) and mobile speeds (4.41). Of course, another big drawback for Minneapolis is the weather — the average high is only in the 20s in the winter.
Major employers in the area include the University of Minnesota, 3M, Target, Park Nicollet Methodist Hospital, Thomson Reuters, Ameriprise Financial, and Best Buy.