That sort of
disruption is evident in the healthcare sector, where pen and paper has been
the primary means of recording patient information for decades and don’t we all
know the frustrations of making sense of those doctor’s notes! But now,
healthcare technology is changing it all in major ways.
survey of 511 U.S.-based enterprise IT managers revealed that IoT adoption is becoming mainstream. Eleven percent of those
surveyed worked in healthcare enterprises, and 86% of those respondents
reported having an IoT architecture in place for most lines of business.
to Meticulous Research IOT in Healthcare market is expected to grow at a CAGR
of 29.9% to reach $322.2 billion by 2025.
the growth of IOT adoption in this sector and with budgeting on par with other
industries, job opportunities are bound to increase for IT professionals with requisite
qualifications and expertise.
How IOT is Revolutionizing the
The IOT is
slowly starting to weave into healthcare on both the doctor and patient
fronts. Ultrasounds, thermometers, glucose monitors, electrocardiograms, and
more are all starting to become connected and letting patients track their
health. This is crucial for those situations that require follow-up appointments
greatest technological advancement in the last several decades has been the
development of electronic health records (EHRs), which are just reaching full
penetration in US hospitals. EHRs are moving to become platforms integrated
with powerful clinical decision support tools.
languages like Java, C, Python, and SQL are commonly used in electronic health records and
technology is another area that lets patients manage their appointments, access
reports, download forms etc. Cloud technology is empowering health data sharing and
hospitals have started to utilize smart beds, which can sense the presence of a
patient and automatically adjust itself to the correct angle and pressure to
provide support without the need for a nurse to intervene.
IOT can also
help transform patient care at home. Smart medication dispensers at home can
alert doctors if patients do not take medications in appropriate doses and help
doctors to take suitable action.
Applications and the type of work and
you can expect
applications of IoT in the healthcare may give you an idea about the
forthcoming revolution and job opportunities.
1. Remote Patient Monitoring
devices with embedded sensors can monitor patient condition whole day long and
can notify the doctor. Regular monitoring and timely action will help prevent
unnecessary and costly trips to the doctor’s office or even hospitalization.
2. Hand Hygiene Monitoring
current situation with COVID-19 hand hygiene has gained the highest importance
in our lives. For medical staff the importance always existed. Study says that
poor hand hygiene practice can spread various disease in a health institution.
The idea is
to use hand-sanitizer dispensers with sensors to monitor the exact time of when
that was used. The IoT application uses foot traffic sensors and hand sanitizer
dispensers to collect data and sends it to Microsoft Azure, a cloud-based computing service. It makes a beep sound if medical stuff comes
close to patients without handwashing.
3. Glucose Monitoring
Diabetes is a
chronic disease that requires a lot of care by patient and doctor. IoT
applications with wearable or embedded body sensors that continuously monitor
and send data of sugar level in blood can minimize the risk of death by
diabetes. HbA1c levels too can be monitored. One of the disadvantages of this
type of application is it may not give you 100% accurate results.
4. Cancer Detection
is the second dangerous condition for women after lung cancer. The idea behind
detecting breast cancer is the use of “ITbra,” which is more effective than
regular cancer detection procedures. This garment can detect temperature
changes with seven embedded sensors on breast tissue. Analyzing abnormal
pattern it uses a machine-learning algorithm to predict early-stage
5. Heart Rate Monitoring
The number of
heart patients is increasing day by day in the whole world. IoT applications
can detect heartbeat and pulse, which can reduce the risk factor. A sensor
connected device sends real-time pulse rate to the cloud, and doctors can check
that data anywhere from the world. This application carries real healthcare
6. Blood Coagulation Testing
level plays an essential role in the human body. For the treatment of various
diseases like diabetes, stroke, etc. it is necessary to know the blood clot
level. IoT devices can monitor the blood coagulation system from time to time,
which helps to keep the patient’s activity under the therapeutic range to lower
the risk factor.
Bluetooth enabled technology helps the patient to monitor how quickly their
blood clots and lowers the risk of brain stroke and the bleeding problems of
6. Robotic Surgery
care sector is becoming more complex day by day, and with time, researchers are
connecting devices via the internet. To perform the surgical operation, more
precisely, doctors are using IoT enabled robotic devices.
doctors to perform the operation with more control and precision. It makes it
possible to perform the operation from the distant place, which can save many
lives both in the hospital and war zone. Security risk can be high as devices
are connected to the internet.
7. Connected Inhaler
Asthma is a
disease that is not curable, but it is controllable by using the inhaler. A
sensor connected inhaler can alert the patient from a triggering factor (air
pollen, temperature) to prevent an asthma attack. This application will make it
possible to fight with respiratory illness for a long time.
healthcare organizations started collecting a massive amount of data produced
by IoT devices. Collecting that data, IBM Watson and Teva began a new IoT
project that will be responsible for creating new methods of treatment and
prediction of chronic disease. Healthcare organizations use artificial intelligence and natural language processing to
organize this data.
9. Connected Contact Lenses
The eye is an
extraordinary human organ. With the combination of sensor and contact lens, it
is possible to detect symptoms of various eye diseases. Researchers are working
to provide a solution of presbyopia (the disease caused by loss of elasticity
of eye lens) via sensor-based contact lens.
10. Smart Watches for Depression
tech-giant Apple started working on their smartwatch to detect depression
levels. This device can track and suggest what to do in case of depression.
This is an innovative example of artificial intelligence or machine learning in healthcare, which helps to predict
depression level of the users.
11. Parkinson Patient Monitoring
patients need to be observed at every moment. Research results like
“Movement disorder API” can detect abnormal footstep, instability of stride length
in patients to draw a graph pattern. The doctor analyzes and checks data from
the cloud and advises family members on taking appropriate action.
12. Ingestible Sensors
a study of WHO 50%, people don’t take medication as indicated by the doctor.
This practice leads to the severe conditions of the patient. Ingestible sensors
with magnesium and copper coating can trigger a signal and send a message to
family member, if medication is not taken at the exact time.
13. GPS Smart Sole
Alzheimer’s patient is not an easy task. They forget so many daily necessary
tasks and often get lost. Smart insole embedded with GPS has the advantage to
fit easily into any adult shoes. It uses both satellite and cellular technology
for GPS tracking. It will send notification if patient is wandering.
several other areas where IoT is being used such as hospital operations
management, smart hearing Aids, robotic surgery, medical waste management, efficient
drug management, body scanning, nurse assistant robot, and other.